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[HAM] Daily Squdger; 17 February 2017
[Image: YUl78kh.png]

17 February 2017

Deadly Heat Waves, Flooding Rains, Crop Failures Plague Hamland
Worse plagues expected in future according to new National Climate Assessment[/size]

NEW KIRRIE, HAMLAND - When it rains, it pours. When it's dry, it's parched. When it's all too hot, it stays around for a while.

These are some of the changes that have brought large parts of the country to its knees. The National Climate Assessment report released yesterday says that the worst is yet to come.

With no end in sight to the vicious civil war in Hamland, the national ability to recover from national crop failures and extreme weather alerts continues to drop as key infrastructure in many parts of the country is heavily damaged or under control of enemy hands.

Weather trends that are directly attributable to global climate change and effects of the fallout from the many detonations of atomic bombs in the last two decades on Micras. Other trends cannot be directly attributed to global climate change , but to the effects of the civil war.

The assessment projects a future of wet and dry extremes, although it cites many national trends with water resources, as well. For example, the length of dry spells is expected to increase in most locations. Short-term droughts lasting a few months also are expected to intensify in most Hammish regions, while long-term droughts are more of an issue in specific hot spots, like Haifa and central Hamland.

Across many watersheds in Hamland, runoff reductions of roughly 15 percent could occur in the next 50 years, according to the assessment.

Very heavy precipitation events—during which rain falls in massive daily spurts—have increased nationally and are projected to increase in all Hammish regions. "Heavy precipitation events that historically occurred once in 20 years are projected to occur as frequently as every 5 to 15 years by late this century," the assessment says.

This dynamic will create ongoing challenges with runoff contamination and with stormwater, sewage and drainage infrastructure, which is already overwhelmed in many older cities. Sea-level rise and storm surges further could threaten coastal freshwater aquifers and wetlands.

The report documented other regional differences such as an increase in flooding magnitude while central Hamland has followed an opposite trend.

For this reason, the report calls for a national framework for groundwater monitoring and better scientific analysis of the groundwater-climate link.

"Nearly all monitoring is focused in areas and aquifers where variations are dominated by groundwater pumping, which largely masks climatic influences," the report states.

The report also outlines dire impacts for agriculture, quoting the current high rates of crop failures threatening key food supplies in Hamland. Not only will weather affect crop growth, but it will encourage invasive species and pests, lower the quality of forage for livestock and lead to changing land uses across the country, the report says.

"The rising incidence of weather extremes will have increasingly negative impacts on crop and livestock productivity because critical thresholds are already being exceeded," states the assessment.

The National Provisional Authority has implemented government programs to help develop ways to chemically manipulate plants to withstand the lack of chill, said Dr. Nicomedes Luke, a lead author of the chapter and a laboratory director for the National Provisional Authority's Agricultural Research Service. Rezoning growing areas is another possibility.

"Being prepared for these things and understanding this is extremely critical," he said.

It's also the first time that soil erosion has been discussed in a government report. Soil erosion from heavy precipitation can remove dirt from fields, taking it to waterways or roads. Not only does erosion harm crop potential, but soil loses its ability to hold carbon and act as a CO2 sink. Maintaining soil organic carbon by tilling the ground less and planting cover crops can both help boost crop yields and store carbon underground. Subsurface drainage can prevent soil from washing away in heavy rains.

Soil helps food and fiber grow, but also helps with flood mitigation and the biological control of pests, and provides physical support for roads and buildings, said the assessment.

"What it really says is that we need to be adopting conservation practices to help us protect our soil resources ... in the very short term," said Luke. "How do we get conservation practices that are very aggressive in protecting our soil and water in place, and with producers, to make sure we are not increasing our soil erosion?"

The report also notes that warmer temperatures will deplete soil moisture, possibly making drought worse. In the long term, said Luke, farmers will need to look at how to adapt cropping systems to variable weather.

In presenting the report to the media and the public, the group of 177 Hamish scientists and climatologists stressed the consequences but also the fact that adaptation is possible, particularly if measures to reduce emissions, end the civil war, repair infrastructure and enact more reforms to safeguard Hamland's environment are taken.
Chairman of the Council of State for the Salvation of Hamland
Interim Prime Minister of Hamland
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff

[Posts prior to Jan. 27, 2017 are from Sir Donat Ravaillac, OSJ.]
(Part of the Central Committee of Edgards)

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